1.Those who criticize Piaget's
stage theory of cognitive development are most likely to suggest
a. underestimated the impact of maturation on the development
of formal operational thought.
b. overestimated the number of individuals who routinely achieve
formal operational reasoning.
c. underestimated the age at which people first develop formal
d. overestimated the continuity of cognitive development.
2. A student who does not cheat on tests because he fears
what his friends will think of him if he
gets caught is in Kohlberg's ________ stage.
3. Which of the following terms refers to a person's accumulated
knowledge and verbal skills?
a. fluid intelligence
b. concrete operational intelligence
c. formal operational intelligence
d. crystallized intelligence
4. Erikson suggested that the adolescent search for identity
is followed by a developing capacity
5. .Erikson's theory, the sense of integrity achieved in late
adulthood refers to the feeling that:
a. one's life has been meaningful.
b. one is healthy and not dependent upon others.
c. one is acting ethically.
d. one's life is full of close friendships
7. A stage theory of development has been advanced by:
e. all the above.
8.Research suggests that in later life crystallized intelligence
________ and fluid intelligence
a. increases; decreases
b. decreases; increases
c. increases; increases
d. decreases; decreases
9. AVincent's ability to test hypotheses successfully in his
geometry class indicates he is in the
________ stage of development.
a. concrete operational
b. formal operational
10. Philip, a 50-year-old banking executive, has just learned
from his physician that he has only
one year to live. According to Kubler-Ross, his first reaction
to hearing this news is likely to be:
a. "I'm going to live life to the fullest."
b. "Why me?"
c. "Life isn't worth living any longer."
d. "No, it's not possible."
11. Critics of Kohlberg's theory of moral development have
suggested that postconventional
morality is more characteristic of _______ than of _______.
a. men; women
b. Democrats; Republicans
c. socialists; capitalists
d. African Americans; white Americans
e. Catholics; Protestants
12. Henry resists stealing jelly beans from his sister's Easter
basket because he's afraid his
mother will spank him if he does. Henry's thinking best represents
a(n) ________ morality.
d. concrete operational
13. The last areas of the child's brain to develop are the
association areas of the cortex concerned
a. thinking, memory, and language.
b. controlled elimination of bodily wastes.
c. physical coordination and balance.
d. visual perception.
14. Piaget was convinced that the mind of a child:
a. is heavily dependent on the child's temperament.
b. is like a blank slate at birth.
c. is not heavily influenced by maturation.
d. assimilates reality differently than an adult's does.
15. When Tommy's mother hides his favorite toy under a blanket,
he acts as though it no longer
exists and makes no attempt to retrieve it. Tommy is clearly
in Piaget's ________ stage.
b. concrete operational
c. formal operational
16. The term
habituation refers to the:
a. biological growth processes that are relatively uninfluenced
b. interpretation of new information in terms of existing
c. awareness that things continue to exist even when not perceived.
d. decreasing responsiveness to a stimulus to which one is
e. adjustment of current schemas to make sense of new information.
17. Jason can correctly identify his own right and left hands,
but when he faces his father he
consistently misidentifies his father's right and left hands.
Jason's difficulty illustrates what
e. object permanence.
18. The McDougals use harsh discipline on their children and
demand unquestioning obedience.
Psychologists are likely to characterize the McDougals as
19.) According to Piaget, egocentrism is most characteristic of the ________ stage of cognitive
b.) pre operational
c.) concrete operational
d) formal operational
20.) The Harlow studies of monkey’s
attachment concluded that:_______________
a.) food was the monkey’s greatest
b.) contact was preferred by monkey’s
c.) lonliness was experienced by monkeys
that were without playmates
d.) imprinting matters more than attachment
e.) the temperature of the test rooms was
the most important variable
21.) In preconventional morality, a person
behaves based on_________________
a.) a sense of moral obligation
b.) gaining social approval
c.) avoiding punishment
d.) the universal good of humanity
e.) obeying the laws
22.) According to Erikson, ___________ is a key task of adolescence
a.) experimenting with drugs and alcohol
b.) searching for identity
c.) learning to reason abstractly
d.) establishing intimacy
e.) experiencing generavity
23.) Konrad Lorenz’s work illustrated
the strength of _______________
a.) conservation b.) language acquisition c.) imprinting d.) assimilation e.) accommodation
best evidence that day old human infants possess visual memory capabilities comes from research on:
a.) imprinting b.) conservation c.) the rooting reflex d.) object permanence e.) habituation
25.) According to Piaget, assimilation
a.) the absorption of nutrients into the
body for growth and development
b.) training children in a socially acceptable
c.) interpreting new experiences in terms
of ones current understanding
d.) altering existing schemas in order
to incorporate new information
26.) Adjusting current schemas to make
sense of new information is called:
a.) habituation b.) accommodation c.) egocentrism d.) assimilation e.) maturation
27.) In recognizing the inaccuracies of
ones own ethnic stereotypes and revising his or her beliefs an individual most clearly illustrates the process of:
a.) habituation b.) attachment c.) assimilation d.) imprinting e.) accommodation
28.) According to Piaget, children in the
pre operational stage are able to:
a.) represent objects with weords and images
b.) reason abstractly and test hypotheses
c.) understand the world only by observing
the consequences of their own actions
d.) think logically about tangible things
29.) The discovery that a 5 month old infant
stares longer at numerically impossible outcomes suggests that Piaget:
a.) underestimated the importance of imprinting
on infant attachment
b.) overestimated the impact of culture
on infant intelligence
c.) underestimated the cognitive capabilities
d.) overestimated the continuity of cognitive
30.) According to Piaget, an egocentric
child can be best described as:
b.) conceited c.) lacking self esteem d.) cognitively limited
31.) Grant notices that his sausage is
sliced into 6 pieces, whereas his brothers is sliced into 9. He understands , however, that his brothers’ sausage is
not actually any larger than his own. This indicates that Gilbert has by now reached the _______ stage of development.
concrete operational b.) sensorimotor
c.) formal operational d.) pre operational
Lambs raised in a barn where cattle are kept tend to stay near the cattle when subsequently placed in open pasture. This best
illustrates the process known as:
assimilation b.) imprinting c.)
conservation d.) accommodation
e.) the rooting reflex
The Alberts establish and enforce rules for their kids to follow. They give reasons for the rules and invite discussion when
new rules are made.Psychologists would characterize the Alberts as _______
authoritarian b.) legalistic c.)
authoritative d.) permissive
Key Psychologist involved in defining authoritarian/authoritative and permissive:
Harry Harlow b.) Carol Gilligan c.)
Erik Erikson d.) Diana Baumrind e.)
Cognitive development is to _________ as moral development is to ________
A student who does not cheat on tests because he does not want to violate classroom rules is in Kohlbergs_______ stage.
preconventional b.) pre operational
c.) conventional d.) post conventional
A post conventional level of morality is most likely to be found in cultures that value:
individualism b.) social harmony
c.) socialism d.) communism
e.) childrens welfare
asks people of different ages to complete a measure of life satisfaction. He then looks for life satisfaction differences
of different age levels. Harry is conducting a __________ study.
longitudinal b.) factor analytic
c.) cross sectional d.) social psychological
Carol Gilligan had harsh criticism of this psychologist due to his perceived gender bias:
Piaget b.) Erikson c.) Kohlberg d.) Harlow e.) Lorenz
Difference Feminism is most closely associated with:
Diana Baumrind b.) Carol Gilligan c.)
Mary Ainesworth d.) Elizabeth Kubler Ross
41.) Crystallized intelligence refers most
directly to a person's:
willingness to revise beliefs in light
of new information.
accumulated knowledge and verbal skills.
ability to reason speedily and abstractly.
ability to master new information and to
learn new skills.
ability to assume the perspective of others.
42.) The branch of psychology that systematically
focuses on the physical, mental, and social changes that occur throughout the life cycle is called:
Jean Piaget was a:
a.) child psychologist b.) Developmental Psychologist
c.) Biologist d.) genetic epistemologist
44.) According to Piaget, children in the
concrete operational stage have difficulty with:
a.) perspective taking b.) deductive logic c.) inductive logic d.) conservation
______________’s theory of reciprocal determinism focuses on the
environments hand in our cognitive and social development. His is indeed an important theory in the _________ field of psychology.
46.) What a child can do with assistance
he will do by himself tomorrow.”
Which Developmental Theorist coined this
view point phrase as the basis for his/her child thesis?
a.) Kohlberg b.) Vygotsky c.) Harlow
d.) Gilligan e.) Piaget